Energy balance in Kuopio
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The page gives information on the energy balance in Kuopio, taking into account energy input from a all sources and how these energy are used by society (domestic, industrial et.c) There is an adequate breakdown of information on energy production, distribution and consumption, however some of the information e.g the data page are not very easy to interpret.
Question
What are the amounts of energy produced, consumed, imported, and exported in Kuopio?
Answer
 Energy balance in Kuopio Model run 17.5.2015 (based on 2013 model)
Rationale
Numbers are based on op_fi:Energiatase/Kuopio.
There are several energy transformations that each describe a specific process of energy production or use. Per unit activity, there is a constant amount of different inputs and outputs into and from this process, respectively. These unit processes are used for Kuopio in such a way that one critical input or output from each relevant energy transformation is listed here; all other inputs and outputs logically follow from the nature of the transformation process.
Data
Obs  CHPcapacity  Policy  Equation  Dummy  Description 

1  Biofuel  CHP renewable = CHP peat  1  Biofuel policy contains half biofuels, half peat  
2  BAU  CHP renewable = 89.24  1  
3  CHP peat + CHP renewable + CHP oil = CHP heat + CHP electricity + CHP loss  1  
4  CHP peat = 9098*CHP oil  1  
5  CHP<1000  CHP electricity + CHP loss = 0.689*CHP heat  1  
6  CHP<1000  CHP heat + CHP loss = 2.852*CHP electricity  1  
7  CHP>1000  CHP loss = 0.2542*CHP heat  1  
8  CHP>1000  CHP heat + CHP electricity + CHP loss = 1000  1  Maximum production of 1000 added to the CHP plant to see nonlinearities  
9  H biogas + H oil = H heat + H loss  1  
10  H oil = 18.973*H biogas  1  
11  H heat = 14.082*H loss  1  
12  Ind peat + Ind oil + Ind renewable = Ind electricity + Ind process heat + Ind loss  1  
13  Ind oil + Ind renewable = 2.014*Ind peat  1  
14  Ind peat + Ind renewable = 10.083*Ind oil  1  
15  Ind process heat + Ind loss = 6.376*Ind electricity  1  
16  Ind electricity + Ind loss = 0.332*Ind process heat  1  
17  CHP<1000  H heat = 0.08*CHP heat  1  Small heat plants reflect the total heat need  
18  CHP>1000  CHP electricity = 0.4407*CHP heat  1  But if CHP capacity is overwhelmed, H heat and CHP heat are decoupled and another relation is described  
19  Loss electricity = 0.0858*CHP electricity + 0.0858*Ind electricity  1  
20  Loss heat = 0.0855*CHP heat + 0.0855*Ind process heat  1  
21  Bought electricity + CHP electricity + Ind electricity = Loss electricity + Cons Home electricity + Cons Ind electricity + Cons Commerce electricity + Cons Municip electricity  1  
22  CHP heat + H heat = Loss heat + Cons Home heat + Cons Ind heat + Cons Commerce heat + Cons Municip heat  1  
23  Ind process heat = 400685.4  1  
24  Cons Home electricity = 296400  1  
25  Cons Ind electricity = 204  1  
26  Cons Commerce electricity = 334350  1  
27  Cons Municip electricity = 50.3  1  
28  Cons Home heat = 250303  1  
29  Cons Ind heat = 57.1  1  
30  Cons Commerce heat = 224  1  
31  Cons Municip heat = 386  1  
32  Heat need = CHP heat + H heat  1 
 Example table to describe the details about nonlinear equations.
Obs  critVar  critIndex  rescol  critLocLow  critLocHigh  critValue 

1  Heat need  CHPcapacity  Result  CHP<1000  CHP>1000  10000 
Suzhou  Kuopio  Stuttgart  
GW (country)  414  9.68  62.7  Source: Wolframalpha 
persons in country  1000000000  5000000  80000000  
W/person  414  1936  783.75  
GWh/year (city)  625  296  1077  Source: Energy balance page of the city 
MW  71.35  33.79  122.95  
persons  2380000  100000  600000  
W/person  29.98  337.9  204.91 
Dependencies
Calculations
 See Energy balance.
 Model version used for ISEE2013 poster. Model run
 Old code with energy balance table with columns Equation, Col, Result, Description. A sample model run.
Endpoints
See also
 Zero energy building in Kuopio: Online surveillance
 For calculations based on these data, see Energy balance.
 About large systems of nonlinear equations: BB package in R
Keywords
References
Related files
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